Benjamin Raspail was a flautist of the Baltimore Philharmonic Orchestra. He was a patient and the ninth and last known American victim of Dr. Hannibal Lecter , prior to Lecter's capture. Raspail first introduced Jame Gumb to Lecter for therapy, after Gumb had murdered Raspail's lover Klaus. Raspail was undergoing treatment himself for manic depression and was assigned to Lecter.  The therapy was not successful, as Raspail spent most of the time talking about his school days.

Raspail disappeared on 22nd March 1975 and was found in a church pew three days later. His heart had been pierced and was missing his thymus and pancreas (the sweetbreads). Lecter served these organs to the board of the Philharmonic Orchestra. Lecter noted in an interview with Clarice Starling that he killed Raspail because the other man was starting to bore him, but various sources have speculated that his primary reason for killing Raspail was that his playing disturbed the otherwise excellent quality of an opera that Lecter had attended. The president of the orchestra developed alcohol problems as well as anorexia after learning what was in his meal after Raspail's disappearance.